Respun ISOs

As examples of using my ‘‘ script I’ve created various ISOs including those suitable for Intel Atom and Intel Apollo Lake devices.

Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)

Canonical have announced the latest release of Ubuntu 20.04 Long-Term Support (LTS) as Ubuntu 20.04.

Atom (-i ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso --atom)
Apollo (-i ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso --apollo)
Server (-i ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso --server)

Lubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa)

Canonical have also announced the latest release of Lubuntu 20.04 Long-Term Support (LTS) as Lubuntu 20.04.

Atom (-i lubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso --atom)

Ubuntu 18.04.4 LTS (Bionic Beaver)

Canonical have released the fourth point release of Ubuntu 18.04 Long-Term Support (LTS) as Ubuntu 18.04.4.

Atom (-i ubuntu-18.04.4-desktop-amd64.iso --atom)
Apollo (-i ubuntu-18.04.4-desktop-amd64.iso --apollo)

Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS (Xenial Xerus)

Canonical have released the sixth point release of Ubuntu 16.04 Long-Term Support (LTS) as Ubuntu 16.04.6.

Atom (-i ubuntu-16.04.6-desktop-amd64.iso --atom)
Apollo (-i ubuntu-16.04.6-desktop-amd64.iso --apollo)

Downloading Note

After downloading an ISO file it is recommended to test that the file is correct and safe to use by verifying the integrity of the downloaded file. An error during the download could result in a corrupted file and trigger random issues during the usage of the ISO.

The program 'md5sum' is designed to verify data integrity using the MD5 (Message-Digest algorithm 5) 128-bit cryptographic hash. The MD5 calculation gives a checksum (called a hash value), which must equal the MD5 value of a correct ISO.

First open a terminal and go to the correct directory to check a downloaded ISO. Then run the command 'md5sum <ISO>' for example:

md5sum linuxium-atom-ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso

'md5sum' should then print out a single line after calculating the hash:

e1a389390b80c468b00f68e999ed9fa0 ./linuxium-atom-ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Compare the hash (the alphanumeric string on left) from your output with the corresponding hash below. If both hashes match exactly then the downloaded file is almost certainly intact. However if the hashes do not match then there was a problem with the download and you should download the file again.

ISO 'md5sum' hashes

e1a389390b80c468b00f68e999ed9fa0 ./linuxium-atom-ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso
910c361796b948d9438b0029f92dcd21 ./linuxium-apollo-ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso
5eb26c7ba7ed26936dc2a7242f985acd ./linuxium-ubuntu-20.04-server-amd64.iso
aec469c56b398e8238f4ddc9d2b825c4 ./linuxium-atom-lubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso
d73fd13a4bf1c130b9e38d80ab453026 ./linuxium-atom-ubuntu-18.04.4-desktop-amd64.iso
a9f0e931ae3a84efda6ef13f7cdf7240 ./linuxium-apollo-ubuntu-18.04.4-desktop-amd64.iso
aba50cfd8e0b4154a8ba24713fb3231a ./linuxium-atom-ubuntu-16.04.6-desktop-amd64.iso
0cc8fd4ff9f5a41cedd5b0284bd967ed ./linuxium-apollo-ubuntu-16.04.6-desktop-amd64.iso

Creating a LiveUSB

Once you have verified your ISO it is necessary to write it to an USB to create an installation USB often known as a LiveUSB as not only can you install Ubuntu from it but you can also run Ubuntu for diagnostic, testing and fixing and existing installation.

There are several ways to write the ISO to USB however I recommend using Rufus on Windows or dd on Linux:

dd if=linuxium-atom-ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso of=/dev/sdX bs=4M

where ‘linuxium-atom-ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso’ is your ISO and ‘sdX’ is the USB drive using ‘ls -l /dev/disk/by-id/usb* | head -1 | sed "s?.*/??"‘ to determine this.

Please donate if you find these ISOs useful.